Producing High Quality Rivets with CNC Machining (deburring Ted)

  • Time:
  • Click:9
  • source:GAENOR CNC Machining
Rivets are a crucial fastening component used in many manufacturing and construction applications. While rivets may seem simple, producing consistent, high quality rivets requires precision machining processes. CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machining has become an indispensable method for manufacturing top-notch rivets with tight tolerances, repeatability, and efficiency.
In this article, we will look at how CNC machining enables manufacturers to create superior quality rivets. We’ll examine the attributes of high quality rivets, the CNC machining processes used to produce them, and the key benefits this automated approach provides compared to manual rivet fabrication.
Characteristics of Quality Rivets:
Rivets are deceptively simple fasteners that must meet exacting specifications to work properly and securely join materials. Here are some of the key characteristics of quality rivets:
- Tight dimensional tolerances - The shaft diameter, head dimensions, and overall length must conform to tight tolerances, often to within 0.005”. This ensures consistency and proper fit.
- Consistent hardness - The rivet must have a uniform hardness level throughout. This prevents failure or deformation when driving the rivet.
- Good surface finish - A smooth surface finish prevents galling, or material adhesion, when driving the rivet into a hole. It also enhances fatigue resistance.
- Minimal flash - Flash refers to excess material formed during the rivet shaping process. Quality rivets will have little to no flash along the shaft or under the rivet head.
- Reliable head formation - For rivets that require peening or forming the tail end to create a second head, the quality and consistency of the formed head is critical.
CNC Machining Processes for Rivet Production:
CNC machining uses automated, programmable processes to produce rivets with the accuracy and consistency required for quality parts. Here are some of the main CNC processes used:
- Milling - CNC milling machines cut rivet heads and shanks from bar or rod stock held in the machine spindle. By programming the feed rate, depth of cut, and position, rivet dimensions can be precisely machined.
- Turning - CNC turning centers use single point cutting tools to lathe rivet blanks down to the required diameter and length. Programmable tool paths enable high precision sizing.
- Rolling - Special CNC rolling machines for rivet production use a pair of rotating dies to shape the rivet head and compress the shaft. The process forms rivets with minimal flash.
- Thread rolling - For threaded rivets, CNC thread rolling systems form the threads using rotating dies that displace material without cutting it. This work hardens the threads for added strength.
- Peening - Secondary head forming operations like orbital riveting or peening can also be automated via CNC. The program controls force, location, and number of hammer strikes to shape the rivet tail precisely and consistently.
Benefits of CNC Machining for Rivets:
Producing rivets on CNC machines offers many advantages over manual fabrication approaches, including:
- Higher precision - CNC machining’s programmed tool paths, advanced controls, and minimal operator influence lead to tighter tolerances. This level of precision is hard to achieve manually.
- Better consistency - CNC automation ensures each rivet is made the same. There is very little variability part-to-part. This consistency improves quality control.
- Less material waste - CNC optimization minimizes waste by nesting parts efficiently on raw stock and calculating tool paths to use material efficiently.
- Increased output – CNC runs 24/7 enabling high volume production that outpaces manual methods. Multi-axis machines can also perform multiple operations in one setup.
- Improved worker safety – CNC systems isolate the operator from machining stresses and forces for reduced accidents and improved ergonomics.
- Flexibility – CNC programs can be modified to accommodate design changes or new specifications quickly.
By leveraging the accuracy, speed, and repeatability of CNC machining, manufacturers can produce rivets that meet even the most demanding application requirements for dimensional precision, material characteristics, and overall quality. Integrating processes like milling, turning, rolling, and peening via CNC automation is the key to rivets that set the standard for reliability and consistency in industrial fastener applications.
From the tight tolerances of the shank to the uniform hardness of the head, the attributes of quality rivets rely on advanced machining techniques. CNC machining delivers an automated, programmable production method that excels at precision, control, and repeatability. By adopting CNC processes for rivet manufacturing, companies can gain a competitive advantage with regards to quality, cost, and output. The combination of today’s CNC technologies and application-specific tooling for rolling, peening, and forming continues to raise the bar for the production of high performance, trusted rivets using some of manufacturing’s oldest forms of fastening technology. CNC Milling CNC Machining