How Much is Brass Worth? A Look at Brass Scrap Prices and Recycling(metal manufacturer Solomon)
- source:GAENOR CNC Machining
What is Brass?
Brass is an alloy metal, meaning it is composed of two or more metals. The most common type of brass consists of 67% copper and 33% zinc. However, other metals like aluminum, silicon, or lead may also be added in trace amounts. The different proportions of metals impact the properties and color of the final brass alloy.
Brass is highly malleable and has a yellowish gold hue. It is also resistant to corrosion and has acoustic qualities that make it ideal for musical instruments. Structurally, brass is strong which allows it to be machined into parts or rolled into sheets. Some common uses include plumbing pipes and fittings, ammunition casings, valves, musical instruments, decorative trim, and candlesticks.
With its durability and flexibility, brass has remained a popular metal alloy for centuries. It maintains its prominence today as both a manufacturing material and a recyclable commodity.
Brass Scrap Prices
Like other metals, brass has an inherent scrap value based on current market prices. Several factors impact the daily price of brass scrap:
- Supply and demand - When brass supply is short but demand is high, prices tend to rise. As more supply enters the market, prices drop.
- Copper prices - Since copper is the main component of brass, copper market prices directly impact brass values. As copper gains or loses value, brass prices tend to follow.
- Economic stability - During recessions or periods of inflation, brass prices tend to decline. In strong economies, brass values stabilize.
- Inventory levels - Recyclers and refineries with high inventory levels tend to drop prices to move stock. When reserves are low, they raise prices.
- Location - Brass prices vary regionally based on local supply, demand, and transportation costs.
Generally, brass scrap is categorized based on its source and condition:
- C260 (60/40) - This type contains 60% copper and 40% zinc. Common sources include roofing materials, radiators, and pipe fittings. Priced slightly below number 1 copper.
- C220 (80/20) - With 80% copper and 20% zinc, this higher grade commands prices closer to number 1 copper. Found in musical instruments, valves, and plumbing.
- Mixed Brass - Assorted scrap from various alloys. Usually the lowest priced brass.
- Clean Copper-Alloy Clipings - Clean shreds and cuttings from brass manufacturing. Higher value than mixed brass.
- Red Brass - Alloy with 15% zinc and 5% tin. Used for plumbing fixtures. Slightly less value than standard C260 or C220 brass.
- Yellow Brass - Alloy with only 2% zinc. Has properties similar to bronze. Higher scrap value.
So how much can you get for common forms of scrap brass? Current approximate prices are:
- C260 Brass: $1.50 - $1.80 per pound
- C220 Brass: $1.80 - $2.20 per pound
- Red Brass: $1.40 - $1.75 per pound
- Yellow Brass: $1.80 - $2.40 per pound
- Mixed Brass: $0.90 - $1.20 per pound
Prices vary by region, volume, and daily market rates. To get an accurate quote, check with local scrap yards. Prices tend to be higher when copper and zinc markets are up.
One of the advantages of brass is that it is 100% recyclable. Scrap brass can be melted down and recast into new products repeatedly. Recycling also reduces the energy needed to mine new copper and zinc. Here are some tips for recycling brass:
- Clean all brass pieces to remove non-metals like plastic, rubber, or paint. These can contaminate the recycled material.
- Separate different alloys if possible as prices differ. High copper content brass has the most value.
- Remove and recycle any solder, which contains lead. Lead-free solder has less impact.
- Weigh brass scrap to maximize profits based on metal weight. Higher volumes may yield better rates.
- Research local scrap metal buyers and recycling centers that accept brass. Compare locations for best prices.
- Store pieces securely before transporting for drop-off. Avoid potential loss or theft.
Common household sources of recyclable brass include:
- Plumbing pipes, fittings, valves, faucets
- Spent ammunition casings
- Old keys, door knobs, drawer pulls
- Musical instruments and components
- Furniture hardware like latches and hinges
Industrial sources include manufacture and machining waste, automotive radiators, architectural salvage, and electronics components.
In many areas, scrap yards accept brass drop-offs from both residential and commercial sources. Brass recycling not only earns cash for scrap, it also promotes environmental sustainability.
Brass in Manufacturing and Design
Beyond its recycling value, brass continues to be an essential manufacturing material thanks to its diverse properties and applications:
- Workability - With high malleability and ductility, brass can be readily forged, stamped, cast, machined, and worked into final forms. It meets tight tolerances for precision parts.
- Strength - While not the strongest metal alloy, brass has decent tensile and yield strength for load-bearing applications like fasteners, nuts, bolts, and screws. When alloyed with other metals, strength improves.
- Corrosion resistance - Brass naturally resists weathering and corrosion, especially in comparison to steel. This makes it ideal for marine components and other wet environments.
- Attractive finish - Brass has an elegant golden color that provides aesthetic appeal. Finishes can also add tarnish resistance, patinas, or glossy polishes.
- Acoustic properties - With excellent resonance, brass creates vibrant sounds ideal for musical instruments like horns and bells.
- Conductivity - Brass conducts heat and electricity nearly as well as pure copper. This allows uses in wiring, soldering, and electronics.
- Cost effectiveness - Brass is more affordable than scarce metals like gold or silver. It machines smoothly without extensive tool wear.
- Recyclability - New brass can be continually manufactured from recycled scrap. This makes the material very sustainable long-term.
From housing fixtures like door knobs and drawer pulls to automotive parts, valves, musical instruments, and marine components, brass fills diverse manufacturing niches. With its legendary history, attractive working properties, and recycling potential, brass will continue seeing wide use for years to come.
Brass provides unique qualities that make this copper alloy a valuable manufacturing and design material as well as a recyclable commodity. Prices for brass scrap primarily follow copper market rates based on alloy grades. By recycling brass, you can earn cash for scrap while reducing environmental impacts. With versatility across plumbing, architecture, marine uses, musical instruments, and much more, brass will continue to be a staple metal across many industries. CNC Milling CNC Machining